Horticulture is the science of maintaining plants in the best possible way. In fact, gardening can be considered as an art that is mixed with science, experience, engineering principles and techniques of plant cultivation.
The science of horticulture should not be viewed in a one-dimensional way. Since plants grow in different environments, it is necessary for the gardener to have sufficient knowledge about plant physiology, chemistry, soil science, hydrology, etc. in addition to the principles and techniques of plant care.
The basic principles of plant growth are almost the same everywhere in the world, and it is the management art of a good gardener to choose which plant to plant in which place and how to make it as adaptable as possible. This is a collection of sciences and arts that together create the vast science of horticulture.
If we take a look at history, we will realize that since the distant past, people have tried to decorate their surroundings with plants in the best possible way.
The history of horticulture dates back to about 7,000 years ago with the cultivation of plants for food, the first evidence of ornamental gardens being found in Egypt and Mesopotamia. In Greece, Rome and the Western world there were huge gardens, most of which had a religious meaning.
Beautiful Renaissance gardens were built to satisfy the luxury of European courts. It was not until the 19th century that the concept of a garden open to the public was developed with a view to such a function. Today, gardening has entered urban planning in cities.
Gardening is closely related to landscaping, which tries to harmonize nature with itself and with human hands, and it would not exist without gardening, because it includes plants and flowers and other coordinating factors such as textures, materials, natural relief or artificial. Elements such as water, pond, waterfall, etc., all of which connect gardening and landscaping.
Gardening and landscaping appropriate to the surrounding environment help to increase the quality of life of people in terms of health, social welfare and comfort. In the smallest cities or in the biggest megacities, gardening and landscaping can be seen in various forms of nature.
Gardening can be done outdoors or indoors for aesthetic reasons, food reasons, or other reasons. This issue began to take shape at the end of the 13th century. Specialists Olivier de Serres and Dézallier d’Argenville were the first theorists of this art that horticulture can include the cultivation and care of plants, flowers, trees, vegetables, etc.
Since the beginning of being on earth, man has dreamed of producing and satisfying his needs through agriculture and horticulture, and this has led to many advances in agriculture and especially horticulture. In fact, we can meet the nutritional needs of millions of people around the world through gardening. Healthy, fresh and disease-free food is obtained through the science of horticulture.
We can be just an observer and enjoy seeing the gardens and scenery in our free days. But for some people, just watching and enjoying the gardens and green scenery is not enough, and they want to garden and touch the growth of a fruitful organism closely, and this is what motivates us to garden and plant trees. and plants and building a commercial or home garden. The increasing interest in gardening has led to the prosperity of this old and fascinating science, and basic gardening has become a profitable business for those who are interested in nature.